Christian glossary for new Christians
This glossary is for new Christians reading the Bible and feeling overwhelmed with many foreign words!
Remember, the only authority is our Lord. All of his answers are in the Bible. This is a mere human guide to help us understand his Word.
An apostle is...
Jesus appointed twelve apostles (Mark 3: 14-19). They were:
- Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter)
- James, son of Zebedee
- John, James' brother (to them he gave the name Boanerges, which means “sons of thunder”)
- James, son of Alphaeus
- Simon the Zealot
- Judas Iscariot
A contract between God and His people.
A dedicated follower and pupil of Jesus Christ.
Further reading: Desiring God: What is a disciple?
Exhort or exhorting
- A Greek word meaning 'Good News', the Gospel is the message about Jesus' life, death and resurrection and what it means for us and the world.
- A genre of bible writing. Matthew, Mark, Luke and John (the first four books of the New Testament) are gospels. These gospels are about Jesus' life, death, resurrection and teaching, written by people who were eyewitnesses.
To deliver the word of God from the Bible.
Further reading: Desiring God: What I mean by preaching
A person used as God's mouthpiece to deliver His message. Moses, Isaiah and Jesus himself were prophets.
explain the Bible and then apply to lives
A thought, word, action or inaction that goes against God's will.
Everything that God is not.
We are all sinners. The only one who never sinned was Jesus.